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What is Psychotherapy ? Back to top
Psychotherapy is the treatment of psychological problems, such things as panic, depression, phobia, obsession, paranoia, feeling lost or stuck. Psychotherapy is a process that helps us become more aware of our feelings why we feel them, motivations, actions and thoughts, the therapist looks for "the man behind the mask" there are many different approaches in psychotherapy we will take a look at a few popular ones. If you Learn more about yourself and the world around you maybe you will find what is holding you back from achieving your full potential.
Mental illness is any disease or condition affecting the brain that influence the way a person thinks, feels, behaves and/or relates to others and to his or her surroundings. Although the symptoms of mental illness can vary from mild to severe and are different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with an untreated mental illness often is unable to cope with life's daily routines and demands
How does Mental Illness occur ?
When to have Psychotherapy Back to top
Psychotherapy is recommended for individuals experiencing symptoms of
psychological distress. If you are depressed, anxious fearful, angry or don't
feel in control of your life psychotherapy might help you. If you are unhappy,
having relationship problems, or feel you are not living up to your potential
psychotherapy can give help develop greater self awareness and support your
efforts in improving your life.
What is the difference between Counselling and Psychotherapy
This method is useful for people with phobias and has a good success rate in quite a short time, the kinds of problems associated with cognitive are learnt like bad habits or a reaction from something that happened to you in the past, for instance as a child I was badly stung by wasps resulting in extreme fear of wasps which turned into a phobia, we can develop phobias about almost anything.
This is a method to try to help us achieve our full potential, the aim here is self-improvement mentally, physically and spiritually.
This is a machine to monitor heart rate, muscle tension and other non visible body functions, this equipment is very useful in the treatment of anxiety, it is a means of detection and which enables the uses to control there bodily functions as relax again.
Therapists who use this approach are concerned with our relationships not just of the human variety, our reaction ship with food or alcohol for instance is also included. The therapist helps us to live in the present look forward to the future and not dwell on the past, to move on.
This is quite different from individual therapy, the therapists prime concern is to restore communication between two people, stop patterns of constant bickering over the same issues, help you to both reach a compromise.
This is a therapist who uses a range of techniques rather than only one, up until recently therapists used not to be so flexible and favored using one method.
This method uses the theory that we think feel and act from different viewpoints depending on who we are interacting with, for instance the parent-caring/ nurturing, the child- venerable, or the adult -responsible. A healthy person can switch from one to the other but it is not healthy to be stuck in one this can lead to an inflexible approach to life and to others.
This is a system that helps us distinguish between what is real and what we think is real, the way we perceive situations can vary greatly, for example imagine a fat man working out at the gym one person might think its great he is trying to improve himself and another might think he should not be doing that he might have a heart attach and leave behind 6 children who could all end up in poverty. NPL gives you the tools to distinguish what is real and what we imagine to be real.
with all or as many members as possible of a family. The work may all
be done with the entire group or involve various combinations of
family members. The process helps identify and modify destructive
interaction patterns as well as help group communication and problem
formal school of thought, is uses of a combination of approaches or
theoretical orientations. It is used by most therapists. There are
many different blends. It is a recognition that individuals may
benefit from a variety of techniques. The eclectic approach can be
flexible and adaptive and avoid forcing treatment into one size fits
all limitations. It is necessary that the therapist be well grounded
in several of the more orthodox approaches to treatment rather than
using bits and pieces through a lack of familiarity.
approach that examines some of the major issues in our existence such
as the meaning of life, loneliness, mortality, and the challenge of
free will. It focuses on taking responsibility for ones choices and
creating our own meaning and purpose. It is especially useful with the
elderly and in working on issues of death and dying. Though it
emphasizes needs of the individual it usually helps patients find new
meaning in their relationships.
personality theory and psychotherapeutic approach pioneered by Sigmund
Freud. Freud is known as the father of psychoanalysis. The approach
emphasizes making the unconscious conscious and thereby giving the
individual choices in life rather than being at the whim of unknown
forces within themselves. Psychoanalysis frequently uses dreams and
free associations as the subject matter for treatment. The therapist
says little but guides the patient in interpreting the meaning of the
intrusion of unconscious material into everyday life.
term used to describe treatment approaches based on psychoanalytic
principals, but which are conducted less frequently, over a shorter
duration and allow a small amount of eclecticism. Psychodynamic
therapists are more active than psychoanalysts.
is a process of identifying stressors, learning ones physiological and
cognitive responses to stress and developing techniques to manage
those responses. Common stress management techniques are systematic
desensitization, relaxation training, and cognitive therapy.
The use of psychotropic medications to manage emotional, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms. The medication is prescribed by psychiatrists after thorough evaluation and with ongoing monitoring. Medication management is usually implemented in conjunction with other therapies aimed at treating the underlying causes of the condition.
conditions with clinically significant emotional or behavioral
symptoms which are in response to identifiable psychosocial stress.
Like- retirement, business problems, housing problems, becoming a
parent, financial difficulties, marital problems. The stressor can be
occasional or continuous. The stressor might effect one individual, a
particular family, or the whole community after a disaster.
Disorders are subdivided into six types:
Adjustment Disorder lasting longer than six months are chronic
Conditions characterized by high levels of anxiety. Anxiety has an unpleasant affect with both and psychological symptoms.
Physiological Symptoms can include rapid shallow breathing, muscle tension, increased heart rate, sweating, and trembling.
Psychological symptoms can include feelings of dread, impending doom,
powerlessness, over vigilance, sense of doubt.
onset of intense fear, terror, apprehension and a sense of impending
doom lasting from several minutes to several hours. Both the
physiological and psychological symptoms of anxiety are experienced to
a marked degree.
avoidance related to going places where you might feel vulnerable,
afraid to leave home.
degree of anxiety related to exposure to a specific element. The
anxiety is continual, exaggerated and often leads to avoidance.
A high degree of anxiety when exposed to social situations. The anxiety is continual, exaggerated and often leads to avoidance.
Anxiety Disorder because of a General Medical Condition
Characterized by prominent symptoms of anxiety that are judged to be a
direct physiological consequence of a general medical condition.
Characterized by prominent symptoms of anxiety that are judged to be a
direct result of a drug of abuse, a medication or toxin exposure
persistent and intrusive thoughts, repetitive, ritualistic behaviors.
Common obsessions include persistent thoughts about contamination and
clenliness, accident, injury or loss. Doubts creep in to the mind did
I lock the door ? did I turn the fire off ? excessive hand washing and
Characterized by re-experiencing the anxiety that happened to you in a
previous traumatic event and the avoidance of stimuli associated with
the event. The original event is, or is perceived to be life
Characterized by high levels experienced immediately after an
extremely traumatic occurrence.
Characterized by at least six months of persistent and excessive
anxiety and worry.
People with these disorders suffer severe disturbances or changes in memory, consciousness, identity, and general awareness of themselves and their surroundings. These disorders usually are associated with overwhelming stress, which may be the result of traumatic events, accidents or disasters that may be experienced or witnessed by the individual.
Eating disorders involve extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviors involving weight and food. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are the most common eating disorders
Factitious disorders are conditions in which physical and/or emotional symptoms are experienced in order to place the individual in the role of a patient or a person in need of help.
Mood you feel sad, tearful, or just empty
make a decision
characterized by hallucinations, delusions, personality
disorganization, loss of ego boundaries, the inability to meet the
ordinary demands of life.
previously called paranoid disorder, is a type of serious mental illness called a psychosis in which a person cannot tell what is real from what is imagined.
Sexual and gender disorders
These include disorders that affect sexual desire, performance and behavior. Sexual dysfunction, gender identity disorder and the paraphilias are examples of sexual and gender disorders.
People with tic disorders make sounds or display body movements that are repeated, quick, sudden or uncontrollable. Sounds that are made involuntarily are called vocal tics. Tourette syndrome is an example of a tic disorder.
Established in 1987, the Manchester Institute is a non profit making educational organisation, specialising in the areas of Psychotherapy and Counselling Trainings, Counselling and Therapy Services, Supervision Training, Continuing Professional Development, and Psychotherapy Conferences
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