Hair Removal Guide
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Hair Removal Guide
Depilatories: How to Get The Best Results
Tweezing Hair Back to top
What tweezers are best ? Buy a good quality pair. Don't skimp on price. Make sure the two tips of the tweezers meet and form a good grip on the hair.
What is the best way to pluck hair ? Stretch the skin slightly, grip the hair close to the root, and pull gently, firmly and evenly.
Which body areas are particularly suitable for tweezing ?
Stray eyebrow hairs, scattered hairs in the abdominal region, stray hairs on the nipples and chin hairs in women past the menopause. Eyebrow hair differs in that the majority of them at any given time are in the resting or telogen phase. This means their regrowth rate is slower than other hair. It is wise therefore to avoid over plucking eyebrow hair.
How do electrical epilators work ?
Many of these devices have tweezer discs in the head which rotate picking up the hair in the process and plucking them from the root. Many are contoured in such a way as to glide easily over all parts of the body.
Are electronic (Radio Frequency) tweezers effective ?
Controversy surrounds the use of electronic tweezers. The method: The hair is grasped with the electronic tweezers and held for 15 to 20 seconds while a current travels through the tweezers and down the hair shaft. The hair can then be slid out. The effectiveness of this treatment has been questioned by some as hair is not a conductor but rather an insulator. Some conclude the effectiveness is no better than with ordinary tweezers. Additionally there are some precautions: As small amounts of radiation are emitted, electronic tweezers should not be used by pregnant women as harm may result to the fetus. Electronic tweezers should not be used by anyone wearing a pacemaker as the high frequency emitted can interfere with the frequency of the pacemaker. Additional warnings concern possible damage to the eyes from the small amounts of radiation.
Hair Growth Inhibitor Back to top
What is a hair growth inhibitor ?
A hair inhibitor is a clear odorless topical solution made from a mixture of plant enzymes. It is completely natural and gentle on the skin.
How soon can you expect results ?
A slowing down of hair growth is usually noticed after about one month. Significant changes are often seen after four to six months.
Waxing Back to top
How does hair waxing work ?
A wax is spread thinly over the skin. A cloth strip is pressed on the top and then ripped off with a quick movement removing the wax along with the hair and dead skin cells leaving the skin smooth.
What's the difference between hot waxes and cold waxes ?
Good hot waxes melt just above body temperature so they can be easily spread thinly over the skin. As they harden they trap the hair in the wax so it is removed by the roots when the wax is ripped off. Cold waxes are available in precoated strips which can be pressed directly onto the skin. The hair sticks to the wax and is then removed with the quick pull back action. (Cold waxing is also known as Persian waxing)
What is the effect on the skin ?
As dead skin cells are removed in this process the skin can feel quite smooth afterwards. The hair waxing action does cause the skin to sting and many find a soothing skin healing cream to be helpful afterwards. Some persons find the skin reacts with redness and bumps which disappear after a few hours. More........
Electrolysis Back to top
What is electrolysis hair removal ?
Electrolysis hair removal refers to the destruction of hair roots with an electric current. Three types of electrolysis are:
A DC current passing through the needle causes a chemical reaction in the hair follicle which produces sodium hydroxide, also know as lye, which destroys the hair follicle.
An AC current passing through the needle causes vibration in the water molecules surrounding the hair follicle which produces heat. (Similar to the principle behind a microwave oven.) The heat damages the hair follicle. This method is much faster but less reliable than galvanic electrolysis. Thermolysis is also known as 'short-wave radio frequency diathermy'.
This method tries to combine the benefits of the galvanic and thermolysis methods by passing an AC and a DC current through the needle at the same time. It is much quicker than the galvanic method.
How does electrolysis hair removal work ?
Very fine metal probes are inserted into the hair follicle. A small electric current is then applied which destroys the hair root. Each hair has to be treated individually. (See item above for description of various electrolysis hair removal methods.)
How much does electrolysis hair removal cost ?
Usually there is a rate per minute from £5. Get an estimate of how many hours are required for your particular problem and then multiply it by the rate per hour. A cheap hourly rate does not necessarily mean lower cost if the procedure takes longer than it should!
Is electrolysis hair removal painful ?
This depends on the individual's level of sensitivity. Some describe the discomfort as being similar to using tweezers. Others complain of excessive pain during the treatment. A qualified electrologist will be able to suggest methods for minimizing the discomfort.
How long does the treatment take ?
This varies greatly from person to person. Factors such as the size of the area to be treated, the curvature of the hair follicle, the level of skin sensitivity, hormonal balance and heredity all have an effect.
What is the effect on the skin ?
If electrolysis hair removal is performed by a fully qualified electrologist, the tissue surrounding the hair follicle should not be damaged. It should therefore be safe when performed at a reputable clinic by trained personnel. Obvious precautions such as the electrologist wearing gloves and the use of disposable, pre-sterilized needles also minimize the risk of infection. Temporary side effects may include some redness and swelling, dryness and scabs. If electrolysis hair removal is not carried out by professionals, there is the risk of permanent skin damage resulting in a scarring or pitting of the skin.
How long does electrolysis hair removal last ?
Electrolysis is often viewed as a permanent hair removal method. Once the hair root is destroyed, the hair will not grow back. There are exceptions however. In some cases hair does regrow in places and clients need to return once or twice a year for a cleanup. Hair can continue to grow in the underarms, pubic area and around the nipples during a woman's reproductive years. Applying a hair inhibitor after electrolysis hair removal treatment will stop the hair from regrowing.
Laser Hair Removal Back to top
How Laser Hair Removal Works
Laser hair removal systems emit a gentle beam of light that passes through the skin to the hair follicle. The hair absorbs it, the energy from the laser is transformed into heat and the hair follicle is disabled. Hundreds of hair follicles can be treated simultaneously so the process is much quicker than electrolysis which can be a tedious, painful process destroying each hair follicle one at a time. This method is quite safe. It uses a wavelength of light which passes through the skin. Unlike x-rays, there is no residual left in the body. Skin may appear pink or red after treatment. This disappears - in some cases after some minutes, in other cases after a few hours, or in still other cases, a few days. Use of cold packs will speed up the recovery time.
Length Of Laser Hair Removal Sessions
This varies from person to person with skin, hair coloring and coarseness of hair all affecting the time. At least 2 or 3 laser hair removal treatments are necessary, and hair that has been waxed or removed with tweezers could need from 5 to 8 treatments.
Here is an approximate guide.
White skin with dark hair responds best. Persons with dark, coarse hair are the easiest to treat as dark hair contains melanin, a dark pigment which attracts the laser light so more laser energy is absorbed. Light colored hair is more difficult to treat and blonde and red hair are very difficult to treat requiring multiple sessions with varied results
Photo-Epilation or pulsed light devices use the same principle as in laser hair removal but they are not lasers. An intense pulsed light is used to disable hair follicles with minimal side effects. It can be effective in hair removal but requires a higher level of skill in operating as it is more difficult to adjust than lasers. Due to it's larger spot size, large areas of the body such as the back or legs can be treated rapidly. One study showed a 50 to 60 percent clearance of hair in 12 weeks.
Pain varies from person to person depending on their sensitivity. Some have described the sensation to a slight sting on the skin. Others say it feels like a pinch on the skin. After the first treatment hair will gradually fall out over the next two months. Repeated treatments are necessary to catch all the hairs in their various stages of growth.
Cost depends on the size of the area needing treatment. Consultations are necessary to establish accurate pricing. About £70 per session.
Sugaring Back to top
What is sugaring ?
Using a technique which originated in Egypt, a paste made primarily of sugar is applied to the surface of the skin. The paste is then removed taking the hair along with it.
How does sugar hair removal work? - It is similar to waxing. The paste is warmed and then applied thinly to the skin in the direction of the hair growth. Reusable cotton strips are then pressed firmly onto the paste and then sharply pulled back thus removing the hair with the paste.
Threading Back to top
Threading hair removal is an ancient method still used in many countries in the Middle East as well as India and Pakistan. It is used to give clean lines and good shape to the eyebrows and also remove hair from the upper lip and other facial areas. Threading hair removal uses 100% cotton thread which is twisted and rolled along the surface of the skin entwining the hair in the thread which is then lifted out from the follicle.
The effects are less than with other hair removal methods such as tweezing, waxing or sugaring. The skin may get a little red and sore but only a slight pinch is felt as a relatively large area is covered each time.
Wet Shaving Back to top
What are the pros and cons of wet shaving ?
PROS: Quick, inexpensive, an especially close shave, refreshing and reinvigorates the skin with use of shaving lotions.
CONS: Stubble reappears quickly, risk of cuts and nicks to the skin, risk of ingrown hair if the blade is not sharp.
TOP TIP: Rubbing in a hair inhibitor each time after shaving can significantly reduce the rate of hair growth and thus make shaving sessions less frequent.
Which is the best direction - with the hair growth or against it ?
Shaving in the same direction as the hair growth is the most comfortable. Shaving against the hair growth certainly gives a much closer shave. Many use a combination of both. Many dermatologists warn however that shaving against the hair growth can cause ingrown hair and irritation and it can make the skin sore and sensitive.
How many times can I use one blade ?
This depends greatly on the individual and the thickness or coarseness of the hair. Some prefer to change a blade after using it once or twice, others after 3 or 4 times while many expect between 5 to 7 uses. The key is to change it regularly and always use a sharp blade. If you feel it dragging on your skin it's time to change it!
More tips Back to top
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