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Hair Removal Guide

Hair Removal Guide

What is on this page:

What is a Depilatory ?

Tweezing

Hair Growth Inhibitor

Waxing

Electrolysis

Laser Treatment

Sugaring

Threading

Shaving

Shaving Tips

Buy Hair Removal Products

 

Hair Removal Guide

 

What is a Depilatory ? Back to top

A depilatory is a preparation in the form of a liquid or cream that is used to remove unwanted hair from the body. The word depilatory, means "to deprive of hair" (Latin pilus, hair). A depilatory removes hair on the skin's surface. An epilatory such as waxing or tweezing (plucking) removes the hair from below the skin's surface taking out the hair follicle.

 

 

How does a depilatory work ?

Depilatories contain chemicals with a high degree of acidity (low pH) such as sodium thioglycolate, or calcium thioglycolate. They react with the protein structure of hair breaking it down. Depending on the coarseness of hair, within 5 to 15 minutes, the hair is dissolved into a gloopy mass which can then be washed away. Hair that is dark and coarse appears to be more resistant to chemical depilatories than hair that is light and fine.

Why does skin feel so smooth after applying a depilatory ?

A depilatory acts as an exfolient which means it removes dead skin cells on the surface of the skin. These dead skin cells accumulate every day and they often feel rough. After removal the skin feels softer and smoother. Many depilatories contain moisturizers such as Baby Oil, Almond Oil, Green Tea Extract and Aloe which contribute to softer smoother skin.

 

Depilatories: How to Get The Best Results

  • A depilatory is best used after a warm bath or shower when the hair is softer and the pores of the skin are open.

  • Never use a depilatory where there are wounds on the skin such as cuts or abrasions or on skin sensitive from sunburn.

  • Apply the depilatory in a generous, smooth, thick layer. Do not rub it in.

  • Always test a small area of skin first. A small patch on the inner arm below the elbow is a good place.

  • Perform a 24 hours patch test.

  • Follow the timing instructions Do not exceed the time recommended to avoid burning or damaging the skin.

  • If the skin becomes irritated discontinue use of the depilatory and apply a soothing gel such as Aloe Vera

  • To minimize irritation, try not to exfoliate beforehand and be sure to follow up with a thorough rinsing and moisture-rich cream.

  • After using a depilatory, apply sunscreen to areas that will be exposed to the sun.

  • Its recommend not using a depilatory more than every 28 days.

Tweezing Hair Back to top

What tweezers are best ? Buy a good quality pair. Don't skimp on price. Make sure the two tips of the tweezers meet and form a good grip on the hair.

 

What is the best way to pluck hair ? Stretch the skin slightly, grip the hair close to the root, and pull gently, firmly and evenly.

  • Use good tweezers.

  • Make sure you are in good even light.

  • Pull the hairs in the direction of growth.

  • Tweezing after a bath or shower is easier when the skin is warm.

  • Rub an ice cube over the area after tweezing to reduce redness.

  • Avoid plucking just before a period as more pain or discomfort may be felt at this time.

Which body areas are particularly suitable for tweezing ?

Stray eyebrow hairs, scattered hairs in the abdominal region, stray hairs on the nipples and chin hairs in women past the menopause. Eyebrow hair differs in that the majority of them at any given time are in the resting or telogen phase. This means their regrowth rate is slower than other hair. It is wise therefore to avoid over plucking eyebrow hair.

224692 - Shavata Heart Shaped Tweezers

224692 - Shavata Heart Shaped Tweezers

Heart-shaped tweezers from Shavata. Features precise tweezers to create perfectly shaped brows. Designed in Switzerland, they have a heart-shaped design and come with a compact with a 5x magnification mirror. The colourful packaging makes them fun to use and also turns them into a great gift. Each pair of tweezers is presented in a black suedette pouch.


£19.26

How do electrical epilators work ?

Many of these devices have tweezer discs in the head which rotate picking up the hair in the process and plucking them from the root. Many are contoured in such a way as to glide easily over all parts of the body.

 

Are electronic (Radio Frequency) tweezers effective ?

Controversy surrounds the use of electronic tweezers. The method: The hair is grasped with the electronic tweezers and held for 15 to 20 seconds while a current travels through the tweezers and down the hair shaft. The hair can then be slid out. The effectiveness of this treatment has been questioned by some as hair is not a conductor but rather an insulator. Some conclude the effectiveness is no better than with ordinary tweezers. Additionally there are some precautions: As small amounts of radiation are emitted, electronic tweezers should not be used by pregnant women as harm may result to the fetus. Electronic tweezers should not be used by anyone wearing a pacemaker as the high frequency emitted can interfere with the frequency of the pacemaker. Additional warnings concern possible damage to the eyes from the small amounts of radiation.

 

Hair Growth Inhibitor Back to top

What is a hair growth inhibitor ?

A hair inhibitor is a clear odorless topical solution made from a mixture of plant enzymes. It is completely natural and gentle on the skin.

 

How soon can you expect results ?

A slowing down of hair growth is usually noticed after about one month. Significant changes are often seen after four to six months.

 

How do you use a hair growth inhibitor ?

The solution is best applied to the skin after using a hair removal method such as shaving or waxing. When used after waxing or any method that removes the hair by the root, the results seem better than with other methods. The solution is rubbed or sprayed onto the skin so it penetrates the pores and reaches the hair follicle.

How does it work ?

By changing the structure of the hair follicle the hair gradually becomes finer and softer until it finally disappears. The enzymes and other ingredients in hair inhibitors actually interrupt the body's normal process of producing new hair cells.

 

What about Vaniqa ?

Vaniqa is a prescription drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is a topical prescription treatment for women with unwanted facial hair. It takes about two months to work and is used in conjunction with other hair removal methods. Because Vaniqa is a prescription cream, a doctor or dermatologist's approval is usually required before it can be obtained.

Does a hair growth inhibitor really work ?

It does not work 100% for everyone. Although some persons find it results in permanent hair removal, the majority of users experience a significant reduction in the rate of hair growth. They can also reduce the frequency of shaving and can be used after electrolysis and laser treatment to ensure hair does not grow back. Hair inhibitors work particularly well with waxing.

 

Waxing Back to top

How does hair waxing work ?

A wax is spread thinly over the skin. A cloth strip is pressed on the top and then ripped off with a quick movement removing the wax along with the hair and dead skin cells leaving the skin smooth.

What's the difference between hot waxes and cold waxes ?

Good hot waxes melt just above body temperature so they can be easily spread thinly over the skin. As they harden they trap the hair in the wax so it is removed by the roots when the wax is ripped off. Cold waxes are available in precoated strips which can be pressed directly onto the skin. The hair sticks to the wax and is then removed with the quick pull back action. (Cold waxing is also known as Persian waxing)

 

What is the effect on the skin ?

 As dead skin cells are removed in this process the skin can feel quite smooth afterwards. The hair waxing action does cause the skin to sting and many find a soothing skin healing cream to be helpful afterwards. Some persons find the skin reacts with redness and bumps which disappear after a few hours. More........

225594 - Bliss 3 Piece Poetic Waxing Hair Removal Kit

225594 - Bliss 3 Piece Poetic Waxing Hair Removal Kit

Waxing kit from Bliss. Features Bliss's 'wonder wax' which can remove even the shortest hairs. Simply heat the wax in the microwaveable mug included, then finish off your waxing with the ingrowing-hair-eliminating pad, skin cleanser and soothing waxing oil.


£35.75

Electrolysis Back to top

What is electrolysis hair removal ?

Electrolysis hair removal refers to the destruction of hair roots with an electric current. Three types of electrolysis are:

  • Galvanic

  • Thermolysis

  • Blend

Galvanic Method:

A DC current passing through the needle causes a chemical reaction in the hair follicle which produces sodium hydroxide, also know as lye, which destroys the hair follicle.

 

Thermolysis Method:

An AC current passing through the needle causes vibration in the water molecules surrounding the hair follicle which produces heat. (Similar to the principle behind a microwave oven.) The heat damages the hair follicle. This method is much faster but less reliable than galvanic electrolysis. Thermolysis is also known as 'short-wave radio frequency diathermy'.

 

Blend Method:

This method tries to combine the benefits of the galvanic and thermolysis methods by passing an AC and a DC current through the needle at the same time. It is much quicker than the galvanic method.

 

How does electrolysis hair removal work ?

Very fine metal probes are inserted into the hair follicle. A small electric current is then applied which destroys the hair root. Each hair has to be treated individually. (See item above for description of various electrolysis hair removal methods.)

 

How much does electrolysis hair removal cost ?

Usually there is a rate per minute from £5. Get an estimate of how many hours are required for your particular problem and then multiply it by the rate per hour. A cheap hourly rate does not necessarily mean lower cost if the procedure takes longer than it should!

 

Is electrolysis hair removal painful ?

This depends on the individual's level of sensitivity. Some describe the discomfort as being similar to using tweezers. Others complain of excessive pain during the treatment. A qualified electrologist will be able to suggest methods for minimizing the discomfort.

 

How long does the treatment take ?

This varies greatly from person to person. Factors such as the size of the area to be treated, the curvature of the hair follicle, the level of skin sensitivity, hormonal balance and heredity all have an effect.

  • Upper Lip 4-10 hours

  • Chin 2-12 hours

  • Sideburns 4-8 hours

  • Eyebrows 3-8 hours

  • Underarms 4-12 hours

  • Arms 5-10 hours

  • Bikini Line 8-16 hours

What is the effect on the skin ?

If electrolysis hair removal is performed by a fully qualified electrologist, the tissue surrounding the hair follicle should not be damaged. It should therefore be safe when performed at a reputable clinic by trained personnel. Obvious precautions such as the electrologist wearing gloves and the use of disposable, pre-sterilized needles also minimize the risk of infection. Temporary side effects may include some redness and swelling, dryness and scabs. If electrolysis hair removal is not carried out by professionals, there is the risk of permanent skin damage resulting in a scarring or pitting of the skin.

 

How long does electrolysis hair removal last ?

Electrolysis is often viewed as a permanent hair removal method. Once the hair root is destroyed, the hair will not grow back. There are exceptions however. In some cases hair does regrow in places and clients need to return once or twice a year for a cleanup. Hair can continue to grow in the underarms, pubic area and around the nipples during a woman's reproductive years. Applying a hair inhibitor after electrolysis hair removal treatment will stop the hair from regrowing.

 

Laser Hair Removal Back to top

How Laser Hair Removal Works

Laser hair removal systems emit a gentle beam of light that passes through the skin to the hair follicle. The hair absorbs it, the energy from the laser is transformed into heat and the hair follicle is disabled. Hundreds of hair follicles can be treated simultaneously so the process is much quicker than electrolysis which can be a tedious, painful process destroying each hair follicle one at a time. This method is quite safe. It uses a wavelength of light which passes through the skin. Unlike x-rays, there is no residual left in the body. Skin may appear pink or red after treatment. This disappears - in some cases after some minutes, in other cases after a few hours, or in still other cases, a few days. Use of cold packs will speed up the recovery time.

 

Length Of Laser Hair Removal Sessions

This varies from person to person with skin, hair coloring and coarseness of hair all affecting the time. At least 2 or 3 laser hair removal treatments are necessary, and hair that has been waxed or removed with tweezers could need from 5 to 8 treatments.

Here is an approximate guide.

  • Back 1½ -3 hours

  • Shoulders 10-20 minutes

  • Underarms 1-2 minutes

  • Bikini Line 8-10 minutes

  • Upper lip less than 1 minute

  • Chin 2-3 minutes

  • Legs 1½ -3 hours

433068 - Rio Intense Pulsed Light Hair Removal Pro System with DVD Guide

433068 - Rio Intense Pulsed Light Hair Removal

Pro System with DVD Guide

Intense pulse light hair remover with DVD guide by Rio. Sends pulses of intense light directly to the hair follicle to make hair removal quicker and easier than laser treatment and cheaper than frequent salon visits. Use regularly for sleek and smooth skin, day after day.


£323.00

Hair type

White skin with dark hair responds best. Persons with dark, coarse hair are the easiest to treat as dark hair contains melanin, a dark pigment which attracts the laser light so more laser energy is absorbed. Light colored hair is more difficult to treat and blonde and red hair are very difficult to treat requiring multiple sessions with varied results

 

Photo-Epilation

Photo-Epilation or pulsed light devices use the same principle as in laser hair removal but they are not lasers. An intense pulsed light is used to disable hair follicles with minimal side effects. It can be effective in hair removal but requires a higher level of skill in operating as it is more difficult to adjust than lasers. Due to it's larger spot size, large areas of the body such as the back or legs can be treated rapidly. One study showed a 50 to 60 percent clearance of hair in 12 weeks.

 

Pain varies from person to person depending on their sensitivity. Some have described the sensation to a slight sting on the skin. Others say it feels like a pinch on the skin. After the first treatment hair will gradually fall out over the next two months. Repeated treatments are necessary to catch all the hairs in their various stages of growth.

Cost depends on the size of the area needing treatment. Consultations are necessary to establish accurate pricing. About £70 per session.

 

Sugaring Back to top

What is sugaring ?

Using a technique which originated in Egypt, a paste made primarily of sugar is applied to the surface of the skin. The paste is then removed taking the hair along with it.

How does sugar hair removal work? - It is similar to waxing. The paste is warmed and then applied thinly to the skin in the direction of the hair growth. Reusable cotton strips are then pressed firmly onto the paste and then sharply pulled back thus removing the hair with the paste.

 

Threading Back to top

Threading hair removal is an ancient method still used in many countries in the Middle East as well as India and Pakistan. It is used to give clean lines and good shape to the eyebrows and also remove hair from the upper lip and other facial areas. Threading hair removal uses 100% cotton thread which is twisted and rolled along the surface of the skin entwining the hair in the thread which is then lifted out from the follicle.

The effects are less than with other hair removal methods such as tweezing, waxing or sugaring. The skin may get a little red and sore but only a slight pinch is felt as a relatively large area is covered each time.

 

Wet Shaving Back to top

What are the pros and cons of wet shaving ?

PROS: Quick, inexpensive, an especially close shave, refreshing and reinvigorates the skin with use of shaving lotions.

CONS: Stubble reappears quickly, risk of cuts and nicks to the skin, risk of ingrown hair if the blade is not sharp.

TOP TIP: Rubbing in a hair inhibitor each time after shaving can significantly reduce the rate of hair growth and thus make shaving sessions less frequent.

 

Which is the best direction - with the hair growth or against it ?

Shaving in the same direction as the hair growth is the most comfortable. Shaving against the hair growth certainly gives a much closer shave. Many use a combination of both. Many dermatologists warn however that shaving against the hair growth can cause ingrown hair and irritation and it can make the skin sore and sensitive.

 

How many times can I use one blade ?

This depends greatly on the individual and the thickness or coarseness of the hair. Some prefer to change a blade after using it once or twice, others after 3 or 4 times while many expect between 5 to 7 uses. The key is to change it regularly and always use a sharp blade. If you feel it dragging on your skin it's time to change it!

 

Shaving Guide

 

 

More tips Back to top

  • Avoid shaving when first getting up after sleep as body fluids make the skin puffy making it more difficult to shave the hair. After 20 or 30 minutes the skin becomes more taut so the hair shaft is more exposed making it easier.

  • Don't stay in the bath too long before shaving. The skin will shrivel after eight minutes or so making it difficult to get a smooth, close shave.

  • Use preshave products such as soaps, lathers, creams and gels. They lock moisture into the hair, they help keep the hair erect and they reduce friction allowing the blade to glide easily over the skin. Hair conditioner can also be used to soften hair.

  • The more repeat strokes over an area of skin the greater risk of irritation. To remove stray hairs which are not removed after one or two passes with the razor, use a pop-up trimmer.

  • Never share your razor or shaver with anyone else to avoid skin infections.

  • Running the fingertips over the shaved area is a very effective method of ensuring a close thorough shave. The sense of touch will alert you to stubble and missed patches it may be difficult to see in the mirror.

  • Always wet the hair first for at least 3 minutes. Hair absorbs water which makes it stand up making it easier when shaving. Wet hair also reduces wear on the blade. Shaving after taking a shower is an ideal time.

  • For a close shave with minimal irritation, try and use an angle of approximately 30 degrees between the blade and the skin.

  • To lessen the risk of razor burn and extend the life of the blade, allow shaving cream to sit on the skin for 4 minutes before shaving. Thick shaving cream or foam offers the best protection against irritation and cuts.

  • Use a sharp new blade. If you need to use pressure on the blade it is time to change it. Using a blunt blade can increase the danger of ingrown hair.

  • Splash the skin with cold water after shaving to help stop any bleeding from small nicks and also remove any traces of soap or lather.

Azelac Lotion back to top

Sesman Pre Shaving Lotion

Azelac Lotion ingrown hairs

Azelaic acid and Salicylic acid have calming, comedolytic, bactericidal, sebostatic and soothing actions. It soothes the irritation that appears after shaving or hair removal. It improves the appearance of acne-prone skins
RRP£19.99

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Sesman Pre Shaving Lotion

Hydrates and prepares the skin for shaving and epilation in optimal conditions. Due to its high glycolic acid content, it is indicated for men 40 years or older with skin that is accustomed to that acid. Especially indicated for delicate, sensitive skin, as well as very difficult beards
RRP £29.99
Eyesential★★★★★

 

Sesman Pre Shaving Lotion 50ml
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Organic Laboratory Shaving Balm

Ingrow Go

 

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Organic Aftershave Healing Balm  Key Ingredients
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The lotion for ingrown hairs, razor bumps and razor burns.
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